Tables and illustrations are important tools for efficiently communicating information and data contained in your research paper to the readers. They present complex results in a comprehensible and organized manner.
However, it is advisable to use tables and illustrations wisely so as to maximize the impact of your research.They should be organized in an easy-to-understand format to convey the information and findings collected in your research. The tabular information helps the reader identify the theme of the study more readily. Although data tables should be complete,they should not be too complex. Instead of including a large volume of data in a single unwieldy table, it is prudent to use small tables to help readers identify the important information easily.
Is it wrong to reproduce one’s own content partially or completely in another publication? The answer is YES, although many people believe to the contrary.
Self-plagiarism is an unethical practice, and is almost as undesirable as plagiarism somebody else’s work. In the world of journal publications, self-plagiarism—or plagiarism for that matter—leads to two major problems: duplicate publications and simultaneous publications. Let’s look at these terms in greater detail.
Often a research paper is embedded with loads of data and complex results and it might not be viable to include all them in the space-constrained paper. Hence, this calls for effective presentation of the information in the form of figures or diagrams. In fact, figures are the most powerful tools that leave a strong visual impact for both reviewers and readers.
Here are few tips on how you can improve the presentation of figures in your research paper.
Ensure that the components of the figures are clearly visible including the lines and text.
A research problem is a statement based on the area of research, which is the first step in a research process. Devising an appropriate research problem depends on the in-depth knowledge, skills, and expertise of a researcher in their particular subject field. Therefore, a researcher needs to devote considerable time to select a suitable research problem.
Steps to formulate a research problem
There are two essential steps to follow while selection:
Identification of a research problem
Selection of a broad research topic and narrowing it down to a precise statement.
Peer review is a cornerstone of scientific publications. Prior to the publication of a work in a journal, it is sent to an independent expert, who quickly and anonymously evaluates its quality. In fact, peer review is the best option for evaluating scientific papers.
However, open evaluation of papers is a new trend. Open evaluation is the ongoing post-publication process of transparent peer review and assessment of papers, with a promise to address the problems in the current system of scientific publishing. In an open peer-review system, writing a review is equivalent to starting a discussion similar to an online forum.
A properly formatted manuscript is likely to be preferred by a journal editor compared to an unorganized alternate version. Hence, instead of submitting a manuscript with your data and text in a disorderly stack, it is crucial to format your manuscript according to the guidelines of the targeted journal before submission.
You should ensure that your manuscript is properly formatted to reduce the publication time. On the other hand, an unorganized manuscript is often returned by the journal house weeks after submission with instructions to adhere to the formatting guidelines. That entails lost time in the publication process.
‘Authorship’ denotes the practice of providing truthful credits for intellectual contributions and innovative concepts. It not only helps authors acquire the credit for the work, but also ensures that they assume responsibility for the research conducted and presented. Moreover, it is perceived as a tool for personal satisfaction, prestige, and especially, a stepping stone in a writer’s academic career. Though the term sounds interesting, it involves high risks and problems in practice.
Scientific or academic journals serve the distinctive purpose of reviewing, verifying, spreading and providing access to quality and valid research work. However, they are generally too expensive for students to buy.
Some time ago, scientific journals were far more accessible for researchers because they were subscribed by libraries and members didn’t need to buy them. But such easy and inexpensive access to the journals affected the sales of the publishers, who gradually accrued losses. The situation became worse for publishers because many readers could access journals through latched-in libraries and their members. There were cases when the researchers did not have to pay for access to the journals or research articles. For instance, you could benefit if you are associated with any college or university that endows you with free access facilities to the journals, either online or offline. Further, many public libraries located in big cities have purchased the same databases or journals, which you can access with your library card at no cost.
Open access (OA) publishing is a major contemporary theme that shapes many scholarly discussions today. Scholastics or academics, colleges, corporate publishing houses, non-profit publishers and journals, editors, editorial boards, labor unions representing publication employees, funding agencies, and policymakers are all vital actors in this context. They hold numerous, albeit diverse, opinions on open access.
In a commentary published in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings Journal New York University bioethicist Arthur Caplan convokes scientists and physicians to take a stand against predatory publishing, plagiarism, and fraudulent publications, which are polluting the fields of science and medicine. He also warns that if the medical and scientific communities continue to remain in denial of these trends, the trustworthiness, utility, and value of science and medicine will be irreparably damaged.